As a part of the natural aging process of the human body, Menopause is a normal condition that happens to women as a result of the inability of the ovaries to produces Estrogen, eggs and then menstruation stops. This condition usually happens to women after the age of 40 but in some cases, early menopause may be noticed before this age either due to a specific cause such as premature ovarian failure and surgery or idiopathic.
Naturally, a woman has a certain amount of eggs stored in the ovaries which also produce sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, to regulate ovulation and menstruation. Once this cycle stop then, menopause occurs.
Prior to menopause women start a period of Perimenopause when ovaries start regularly to lose the ability to produce Estrogen. So, the women start to suffer from menopause symptoms as a result of low estrogen levels. This perimenopause period can be 1-2 years before a complete menopause happen.
After that, Menopause can be considered as the point when a woman has one year since her last menstruation.
few years after menopause, women start to develop more serious health problem related to the absence of estrogen production. These symptoms are both psychological and physical in addition to the increased risk to develop osteoporosis, heart diseases, cancer, vision problems and Alzheimer disease in the long-term.
Symptoms of Menopause:
# Many women start to suffer from hot flushes and sweating which Varies from mild in the majority to severe in the others.
# Psychological problems including mood swings, sleep disorders, anxiety, and depression are also common features of this period of life due to the hormonal disturbance.
# Decreased bone density is one major complication of low estrogen after menopause as bone becomes less mineralized losing a great amount of bone mass. So, the woman may suffer from back pain, bony aches and fatigue. moreover, over time there will be more risk to serious bone diseases as osteoporosis and pathological fracture.
# Urinary Bladder problems:
Due to low estrogen, vaginal and urethral tissues become dry and less elastic, and pelvic floor muscles become weaker as well. Thus, the women are more liable to urinary tract infections, incontinence, and nocturia; a condition waking up several times at night due to an urge to urinate.
Since low estrogen is the major factor for almost all postmenopausal symptoms and health problems, Hormone Replace Therapy (HRT) is one of the most effective treatment to relieve these symptoms.
In Westave Health Centre, we use HRT to treat a wide range of menopausal disorders and symptoms:
HRT helps restores bone mineralization which was affected by the low estrogen level. so, this helps to build stronger bone density and lowers the risk to develop osteoporosis
Furthermore, symptoms like hot flushes, sweating and skin problem showed a great improvement with a low dose of estrogen therapy.
Vaginal estrogen can also be considered as a topical solution to reduce vaginal dryness, improve sexual intercourse discomfort and unitary symptoms.
Low-dose antidepressants can be added to HRT to relieve symptoms of depression, mood swinging and contribute to the improvement of hot flushes as well.